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WHALE SHARK (from May to September)
The whale shark (Rhincodon typus), also called "Fish Domino", "checkerboard" or "Fish Lady", the name of its genre (Rhincodon) comes from Greek and means "tooth scraping" the first scientific report of the whale shark It was conducted by Andrew Smith, on a harpooned animal in Table Bay in South Africa, naming this species as Rhincodon typus. In 1984 the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature accepted the genus Rhincodon.
It is the only representative of the Family Rhincodontidae within the Order Orectolobiformes, the only pelagic species and the only member that feeds on plankton.
Mexico currently watching and swimming with whale sharks through non-extractive use, is an important and economically profitable activity for coastal communities in areas surrounding the resort; however, not regulated may cause damage to the areas of distribution of whale sharks and their habitat.
The whale shark is the largest fish existing in the world, has a massive body, spindle sizes that can reach 14 meters (as Taylor 1999) or between 15 and 18 m (according Kukuyev, 1996). A dark gray or black with circular spots and horizontal and vertical lines of light-colored blue, the head is broad and flat with terminal mouth with his eyes. The dorsal fin is large relative to the second dorsal fin, tail fin is large.
30 minutes from Holbox Yalahau a crystalline water spring that holds so much beauty as history. It is said to have healing properties so this beautiful eye of water is considered a "fountain of youth".
It was an important trading port for the state, located in the coastal region of the municipality of Lazaro Cardenas, Quintana Roo, almost opposite the island of Holbox and few kilometers from the port of Chiquilá. Its location at the entrance to the lagoon called Yalahau or bay Conil. Mayans used the place as a source of fresh drinking water.
Bird Island is a small cactus covered with mangrove island located in the lagoon or Yalahau Conil, where one can see a vast variety of birds, some endangered. There are two Observatory viewpoints and walkways in order to minimize direct contact with birds, as to protect the natural environment. Flamingos, cormorants, herons, frigates, pelicans, wild ducks, gulls, are just some of the species observed in the wild.
Passion Island is a small island located 10 minutes by boat from Holbox. It is recommended to visit it to witness first hand its pristine beaches, the sun and the sea; It is like the quiet atmosphere of a deserred tropical island, far from civilization.
Cabo Catoche, is a "spike" on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, about 53 km north of Cancun; belonging to mainland Holbox Island. Cabo Catoche determines the continental divide between the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea.
Near Cabo Catoche, and during the colonial era, a famous Catholic church, known as Boca Church was built. There are no passable roads to get to Cabo Catoche by land, only by sea can be accessed to visit the ruins of Ekab and Boca Church. An excellent area for whale shark sighting.
Located in the neighboring village of Solferino, about 35 minutes away, there is a flooded ecosystem covered by cork trees, so named because its roots are extremely light, able to be handcrafted and used as floats in fishing nets. Also, the roots are intertwined and act as a giant raft for the entire forest.
Chichen Itza is located east of the Yucatan state on the road to Cancun at 120 Km. From the city of Merida. Chichen Itza (Boca del Pozo of the Itza) is one of the most controversial parts of the Maya world, its history and its ogy cronolo are debated; the origin of its inhabitants is still a puzzle, archaeologists modify their theories as different excavations continue.
The gran Chichen Itza was settled in the ninth century A.D. It is believed by putunes or Chontal Mayas. They forged a broad domain with a unified culture whose center was Chichén Itza, without embargohacia 1250 d.c. the city was abandoned for reasons not entirely certain.
Its name translates as "water with moss" or "wet water", although some authors suggest that means "muddy water", by proximity to a small lake with a rather murky color. Other researchers of the ancient Mayan language pose more translations, among which may be mentioned "water chachalacas"; "Gopher tooth," which also come from the Mayan words or "abundant water"
The Mayan archaeological site of Coba is located about ninety kilometers east of Chichen Itza and about forty northwest of Tulum, has an area of just over 70 square kilometers and a network of 45 roads (or sacbés) communicating to the various site sets, and other smaller communities, which probably depended on their domain.
Cobá flourished in the Classic period that came to dominate a wide region. Between 200 and 800 D.C., Coba was one of the largest metropolises of the Mayan world until his great rival, Chichén Itzá, extended its domain.
The first descriptions of the archaeological site of the famous travelers John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood be. In 1881 Teobert Maler took the first known photograph of Cobá.
Historical Valladolid can be found in two passages in the history of Mexico, "The Caste War" in 1847 and "the first spark of the Mexican Revolution" in 1910: it is now known as "The Eastern Mayan Capital" A deserved title not only by the architectural beauty of its ancient colonial buildings; but as well as for the Convent of San Bernardino of Siena, City Hall, the Church of St. Servatius, the Ex Loom Aurora, the Museum of San Roque and other no less important monuments. Also for its strategic location in the center of the entire Eastern region being the most cosmopolitan city of the region.
Cenote is a term only used in Mexico and comes from the Mayan word "dzonot" which means "abyss"; are wells wells of fresh water created by erosion of limestone, soft and porous stone, but for the Maya world were sources of life that provided the vital liquid, as well as being a gateway to the wonders of this world and the center of communion with the gods.
In the Yucatan Peninsula Cenote diving is exhililating because of the abound cenotes and hidden rivers.